Around 1465, before Christopher Columbus arrived in America (1492), the then ‘hatun auqui’ (conquering prince) Tupac Yupanqui – who would later become the tenth ruler of the Inca civilization – undertook an expedition to the present islands of Polynesia – one of the sub-regions of Oceania. The mission promised gold, as well as finding new species of animals and plants that could be useful for the empire. He was only 25 years old.
“He [Túpac Yupanqui] was a man who had nothing to do with the sea until he met him when he conquered the Gulf of Guayaquil [Ecuador], and discovered the rafts. And also following the currents and the winds, he understood that they could reach anywhere, “commented the historian José Antonio del Busto, author of the book” Túpac Yupanqui. Discoverer of Oceania “-which brings together 30 tests that would confirm the veracity of this theory-.
Tupac Yupanqui, assured Del Busto, conquered more than Alexander the Great. And after gaining control of Puná Island (Ecuador), which arrived on a raft, he received news of the existence of two distant islands that housed a variety of resources: Auachumbi and Ninachumbi. The chroniclers Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, Martín de Murúa and Miguel Cabello de Balboa -who lived in the viceroyalty of Peru in the XVI- coincide with this story.
With 120 boats and 2,000 men, the young prince – according to the theory rescued from Del Busto – began his adventure to these two islands, which would be Mangareva and Rapa Nui (Pascua Island). It would also reach Nuku Hiva, in the archipelago of Las Marquesas.
But what are the signs that support this proposal? In the first place, the chronicles indicate that after his trip, the Inca prince brought not only gold, silver, emeralds and rare animals, but also black slaves.
In the absence of records of exploration of Túpac Yupanqui to Africa, Del Busto claimed that they were slaves of Melanesia – another sub-region of Oceania – that were on the islands mentioned. Also, in Nuku Hiva were found quipus-tool to keep the accounts, known in that place as a person.
For Joseph Dager, a professor at the Antonio Ruiz de Montoya University and a student of Del Busto, among the several indications that his professor picked up about the Inca presence in Oceania, there are two that predominate. The first is the legend of King Tupa, which to this day remains on the island of Mangareva. The story tells of the arrival of this character in a fleet of pae pae, balsa with double mast sail, and that dazzled the natives with ceramics, it was a preceramic world; the metals, because the locals were in the age of stone, and textiles. It should be noted that in this place there is the dance of King Tupa.
The second important indication is in Rapa Nui, which houses a building with Inca characteristics called Vinapú.
“It is a construction in which they put stone on stone, and among these can not even enter a nail. This technique is seen in the Inca cities of Cusco, “says Dager.
n this place, in the same way as in Mangareva, there is a legendary character baptized as Mahuna-te Ra’á, which translates as “Son of the Sun”. For Del bust it was a reference of the Inca prince. He also relied on the existence of Quechua words in Rapa Nui. For example, the headdress of the famous monoliths on the island is called puka, which means red in Quechua. There are also signs of travel between Moquegua and Easter.
-The mission to Australia that left Callao-
Among the first Western explorations recorded in Australia, there is one that left the port of Callao in 1605. The mission was commanded by Luis Vaz de Torres, a Spanish-Portuguese navigator. He crossed the strait between Australia and New Guinea, which now bears his name.
In the San Pedrico, a 40-ton vessel, he traveled the Australian coast for three months. For more than 2 months, the Spaniards sailed along the coast of New Guinea, which they claimed for Philip III, fought with the natives and captured some. On May 22, 1607, Torres arrived in Manila, capital of the Philippines, where he disappeared from history, according to the Australian dictionary of biography.