The Incas stood out for their precious fabrics, whose original versions can be appreciated even today, thanks to the dry climate that conserved the mantles and bales found in tombs and sacred places.
The basic materials of Inca clothing were cotton for the coastal areas of the empire; and the wool of alpaca and vicuña for the Andean region. The Inca women were in charge of spinning and weaving, both for the bosom of the family and for the rulers, magnificent woven fabrics, in payment of the tribute. The fabrics were decorated by specialized embroiderers; the motifs consisted of geometric shapes and images of animals and humans. Often, with this type of upholstery fabrics dresses were made.
In the Empire of the Incas, women dressed very simply. However, the social differences were marked by the complexity in the clothing and also in the materials used to make their clothes.
The typical dress of an Inca woman consisted of a wide rectangular tunic that was placed over the head, extending up to the ankles. This basic garment was complemented by a bow that was fastened to the waist, a small headdress and a woven layer of alpaca. The usual shoes were a pair of leather sandals made of llama leather or aloe fiber. However, the ladies of the nobility had the privilege of wearing more sophisticated and colorful fabrics, made of silky vicuna wool.
They wore a tunic that covered from the neck to the knees, decorated, with different designs.
The Huara; It was the man’s garment and was worn by men since adolescence.
The young people of the imperial nobility wore a special dress after a great party called “Huarachicuy”. The garment consisted of a cloth arranged in the form of current underpants. It was the symbol of manhood.
The Ushutas or ojotas very similar to sandals, were the garments of the feet.