• From Sunday 27 to Wednesday May 30, 2018.
  • Central Day: Tuesday, May 29, 2018.

The Story of the Lord of Qoyllur rit’i (Myth and Legend)

Qoyllorit’i, word that contains several possible meanings, becomes a sublime word that has its roots in a diversity of feelings, experiences, traditions, cultures and socio-economic realities, contextualized in a multi-ethnic mosaic in which it develops today .

The Nevado or “APU AUSANGATE” was from ancestral times a sacred place for the contact of the Andean man with his apus tutelary, with nature.

It is in the foothills of this sacred place, in the place of the “Sinakara”, that is where what happened was born, where a humble Quechua shepherd named Marianito Maita who fed his llamas, found a mestizo child named Manuel ( in the Andean cusco the baby Jesus, is known as a child Manuelito and in high provinces as a child marianito, this is very important in the symbolism of the legend) both became friends and played happily to the point that the Quechua boy forgot his homework and he neglected the vigilance of his flames; but in spite of that the number of its flames grew more and more almost miraculously. Manuelito, the mestizo child, what he liked best was to dance the dance of the “chunchos” the “Ccapac Chuncho” (this dance has a magical religious function, and it has some variants: the kcara chuncho, the Ccapac chuncho, and the Wayri chuncho, the latter can only dance in Qoyllorritty and can only dance the queros of the paucartambo nation, representing a ritual struggle between two nobles, dressed and adorned with some Inca symbols: a kind of Mascaypacha with red feathers, red dress with white sleeves and armed with a kind of chonta spears, they fight with each other.The battles and ritual battles are still carried out in the high provinces, there is some evidence that the way to choose the Inca’s successor was through these ritual battles) … and they spent their time playing and dancing. One day Manuelito appeared with his clothes torn and dirty, Marianito asked him why he never changed clothes, to which Manuel answered that he had no other to change. Manuelito offered to get her clothes. When Marianito’s father found out that his flocks had grown so much, he ordered his son to buy clothes for his friend Manuelito as a reward.

Marianito arrived in Cusco looking for the cloth for Manuelito’s clothes, he asked in many places without being able to find it, until some people told him that the type of cloth was of the same quality that the clothes of the bishops were made and that he had better to ask in the archbishopric.

Hardly and with much effort Marianito managed to meet with the Archbishop of Cusco, who with great attention and some disbelief listened to the story of the child. The Archbishop told him that there was no such cloth in Cusco and that they brought it especially from Arequipa. I advise you to speak with the parish priest of Ocongate, to whom the Archbishop sent him a letter with the same Marianito, in which he ordered the parish priest to find out more about the origin of the cloth on suspicion that some kind of sacrilege was being committed. by some peasant.

After reading the letter of the Archbishop of Cusco; the parish priest of Ocongate goes along with Marianito to the Sinakara to try to catch the mestizo child, I try once; Unable to catch him because of a light that blinded him, he returns to Ocongate where he organizes a group of villagers to return to the Sinakara and try to catch the mestizo child. Back in the Sinakara after a long walk, the group of people can see in the distance Marianito Mayta with his friend who grazed their alpacas, decide to surround the children to prevent them from escaping. When Manuelito realizes he hides in a rocky place, when at last they found him, the priest tried to catch him and when he got it the boy transformed into a “tayanca” tree (the lord of tayancani, is a crucified Christ whose cross is said to be a tree of this tree, and it is the representation of the Lord of Qoyllorriti that is engraved on the rock); Marianito seeing this seriously ill and in his agony he asked to be buried in the rock where they had last seen Manuelito. The place and the rock attracted many indigenous devotees, before which and to give it a veil of Christian character the religious authorities ordered the painting of an image of Christ crucified on the stone.

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