Festivity that unites the population of Cusco through allegory and measured play.
The “yunzas or cortamontes”, are the main attraction of this party that consists of the profusion of the game with water, talcum powder and mixture.
The main festival of the Cusqueño Carnival is held in the Plaza de Armas of Cusco, with the presentation of public and private institutions, which offer the best of their dances, parades and gangs, many of them winners of the various carnival festivals of the South Valley and Sacred Valley of the Inkas.
In the same way, a carnival gastronomic festival takes place, where the different dishes and drinks predominate as the “puchero” or “t´impu” for the delight and satisfaction of the audience.
CENTRAL DAY (SUNDAY)
It starts very early with games that use water and mist as the main elements that men and women of different ages launch. It is traditional in Cusco to see groups of Cusco mixed with national and foreign visitors who delight with this holiday.
COMPADRES Y COMADRES
The festivities of compadres and comadres are what singles the Carnival of Cusco.
During the first, two Thursdays before Carnival Sunday, women visit and entertain their compadres, but they also make fun of them hanging on the streets life-size ragdolls.
The men do the same with their comadres the following Thursday. The dish that accompanies these carnival parties, is the timpu or puchero.
CARNIVALS IN THE PROVINCES OF CUSCO
The party is held in various districts and provinces of the department of Cusco, especially, through the Sacred Valley of the Inkas (Pisac, Qoya, Calca, Urubamba, Lamay, Yanahuara etc.), as well as the South Valley (San Jerónimo, Oropesa and Canchis, where you can still appreciate the famous Tinta Carnival).
They say that in the Carnival of the district of Tinta, in Cusco, women are the ones in charge. The Tinta Carnival is very typical of the hometown of Tupac Amaru II.
In the countryside, and villages in the interior of Cuzco, such as Mollepata and Calca, the carnival introduces peculiarities such as the Yunza de los Singteros y Casados, which is a tree decorated with gifts, where married couples or singles can dance and participate cutting the tree until it falls, the carnivals are quite traditional, gathering customs in the style of the Sacred Valley of the Incas, with music and performances in Quechua people dance the typical songs of the Carnival, and huaynos, especially the Carnival of Ink.
The song and the Inca dance subsist in the dance, being the European elements, complement for a new expression. The Quechuas have made carnivals a special means to enhance their race and worship love, the earth and fertility, through cheerful choreographies full of color. The costumes have Spanish influence.
EIGHTH OR KACHARPARI (SUNDAY)
As its name indicates a week later the eighth or carnival auction is carried out characterized by the dances, games and variety of festivities own. In some areas of Cusco, Yunzas or Cortamontes are carried out, which consists of artificially planting a tree adorned with various gifts, around which it is danced in a round, with the help of a machete, it is sought to lay down the tree so that the assistants are made creditors of any of the gifts. With the eighth of carnivals this important holiday is dismissed.
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